Third UA: 082/19 AMR 43/0953/2019 Nicaragua Date: 30 August 2019
On 18 April 2018, after years of institutional decline in Nicaragua, protests broke out following the
government’s attempt to implement unpopular and non-consulted social security reforms. These
protests were met with violent repression. According to the Inter-American Commission on Human
Rights, the crisis has resulted in the deaths of 328 people, including 21 police officers and 24 children
and adolescents, and more than 2,000 injuries. Moreover, civil society figures stablish that over 700
people have been arrested. Besides, 400 health professionals were dismissed; 144 students have
been expelled from the public university; and over 90 journalists and media workers have been forced
into exile. About 70,000 Nicaraguans have fled to neighbouring countries, 68,000 of them seeking
refuge in Costa Rica, according to the UNHCR.
On 16 May 2019, Eddy Montes (57) a Nicaraguan and U.S. citizen, was shot dead at La Modelo prison
in Managua. He and others who were injured were arrested for participating in the 2018 protests. An
Amnesty Law was approved by the National Assembly of Nicaragua on 8 June 2019.
AI’s report “Instilling terror” (https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/amr43/9213/2018/en/) concluded
that one of the central plank of this repressive policy was the Nicaraguan state’s persistent efforts to
criminalize opponents, referring to anyone who protested the government as “terrorists” or “coup
plotters” to justify its own violent actions.
Since then, protests have continued demanding substantial change to the status quo. More than one
year after the beginning of the crackdown on protest, Amnesty International continues to receive
reports of arbitrary detentions and torture of persons deprived of their liberty. Civil society organizations
whose legal status was cancelled by the government (including the Nicaraguan Centre for Human
Rights – CENIDH) remain unable to freely carry out their work in the country, and the harassment of
journalists and human rights defenders continues. Attacks against freedom of expression and peaceful
assembly indicate ongoing strategy to supress dissenting voices.
PREFERRED LANGUAGE TO ADDRESS TARGET: Spanish
You can also write in your own language.
PLEASE TAKE ACTION AS SOON AS POSSIBLE UNTIL: 10 October 2019
Please check with the Amnesty office in your country if you wish to send appeals after the deadline.
NAME AND PREFFERED PRONOUN: People in jail after more than a year of protests (They, them,
LINK TO PREVIOUS UA: https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/AMR43/0514/2019/en/